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Everyday Sectarianism in Urban LebanonInfrastructures, Public Services, and Power$
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Joanne Randa Nucho

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691168968

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691168968.001.0001

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Permanently Temporary

Permanently Temporary

Constructing “Armenianness” through Informal Property Regimes

(p.51) Chapter 2 Permanently Temporary
Everyday Sectarianism in Urban Lebanon

Joanne Randa Nucho

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the permanently temporary housing regimes of two Armenian refugee camps in Bourj Hammoud—Sanjak and Arakadz—in order to examine the various technologies that municipality and political actors use to mobilize notions of belonging to the “community” through informal property. While Sanjak is slated for destruction, and more than half of it has already been demolished, there has been little public outcry or discussion in Bourj Hammoud. Arakadz, on the other hand, while not necessarily protected from the possibility of eventual destruction, circulates as an image of nostalgia, an important locus of collective memory for Lebanese Armenians. Both Sanjak and Arakadz are informal neighborhoods where the municipality has granted Armenians only temporary property rights, but what accounts for this difference? How do some people and neighborhoods get excluded and others included through the mobilization of notions of authenticity, community, and belonging and the temporary regimes of informal property?

Keywords:   temporary housing, Bourj Hammoud, Armenian refugee camps, Sanjak, Arakadz, Lebanon, sectarianism, informal neighborhoods

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