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Cross and ScepterThe Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation$
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Sverre Bagge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169088

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

The Origins of the Scandinavian Kingdoms

The Origins of the Scandinavian Kingdoms

(p.9) Chapter One The Origins of the Scandinavian Kingdoms
Cross and Scepter

Sverre Bagge

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the origins of the Scandinavian kingdoms, beginning with a discussion of early Scandinavian society. The history of Scandinavia goes back to the first settlements which date to the end of the last glacial age around 10,000 BC. Already during the last centuries BC, a largely homogenous agricultural zone had developed in Denmark, southern Sweden, the coastal regions of Norway, and southern and western Finland. The rest of Scandinavia was dominated by low-intensive agriculture, hunting and gathering, or pastoral nomadism. After citing examples that point to some continuity in the nature of Scandinavian society before and after the rise of the kingdoms and the introduction of Christianity, the chapter considers Scandinavia's greater involvement in Christian Europe through the Viking expeditions. It also examines the division of Scandinavia into three kingdoms, along with their foreign policy until around 1300.

Keywords:   agriculture, Scandinavian kingdoms, Scandinavian society, Scandinavia, Denmark, Sweden, Christianity, Europe, Viking expeditions, foreign policy

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