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Cross and ScepterThe Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation$
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Sverre Bagge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169088

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

The Consolidation of the Scandinavian Kingdoms, c. 1050–1350

The Consolidation of the Scandinavian Kingdoms, c. 1050–1350

(p.50) Chapter Two The Consolidation of the Scandinavian Kingdoms, c. 1050–1350
Cross and Scepter

Sverre Bagge

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the consolidation of the Scandinavian kingdoms during the period 1050–1350. It begins with a discussion of dynastic continuity and the rules of succession in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, focusing in particular on how the formation of a dynasty, combined with rules about individual succession, gave the monarchy a legal foundation. The chapter proceeds by analyzing the rise of the Scandinavian kingdoms as an example of the export of some central features of the civilization that was forming at the time in Western Christendom, notably a royal and an ecclesiastical organization, which entailed the centralization of important social functions such as religion, law, and warfare. It also considers changes in the administration of justice in the three kingdoms through courts of law and the development of royal legislation parallel to the expansion of royal justice. Finally, it describes the Scandinavian military organization known as leding.

Keywords:   leding, Scandinavian kingdoms, dynastic continuity, succession, monarchy, Western Christendom, ecclesiastical organization, religion, warfare, justice

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