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Cross and ScepterThe Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation$
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Sverre Bagge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169088

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

The Later Middle Ages: Agrarian Crisis, Constitutional Conflicts, and Scandinavian Unions

The Later Middle Ages: Agrarian Crisis, Constitutional Conflicts, and Scandinavian Unions

Chapter:
(p.232) Chapter Five The Later Middle Ages: Agrarian Crisis, Constitutional Conflicts, and Scandinavian Unions
Source:
Cross and Scepter
Author(s):

Sverre Bagge

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.003.0006

This chapter examines the socioeconomic and political consequences of the agrarian crisis triggered by the Black Death and how the Black Death was related to the dynastic unions during the later Middle Ages. It first considers the origins of the union by focusing on the dynastic and political aspects of the Black Death, and in particular the renewed Scandinavian integration during the period 1261–1397. It then discusses the Kalmar Union and the conflicts over it between monarchy and aristocracy in 1434–1523, as well as the reasons for the collapse of the union of the three Scandinavian kingdoms. It also explores state formation in Scandinavia in the later Middle Ages before concluding with an analysis of the Reformation and its consequences during the years 1523–1537.

Keywords:   agrarian crisis, Black Death, dynastic unions, Scandinavia, Kalmar Union, monarchy, aristocracy, Scandinavian kingdoms, state formation, Reformation

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