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Cross and ScepterThe Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation$
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Sverre Bagge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169088

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.001.0001

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Scandinavian State Formation 900–1537: Break and Continuity

Scandinavian State Formation 900–1537: Break and Continuity

(p.290) Conclusion Scandinavian State Formation 900–1537: Break and Continuity
Cross and Scepter

Sverre Bagge

Princeton University Press

This concluding chapter discusses the process of state formation in the three Scandinavian kingdoms between 900 and 1537. It shows that the Scandinavian political units formed by the end of the sixteenth century were remarkably stable over the course of the following centuries despite a series of internal and external conflicts. Petty principalities formed within one kingdom as the result of dynastic divisions (or through other causes) did not develop into independent kingdoms, but either returned to their original units or remained in some kind of feudal subordination. The dynastic unions from 1319 onwards had their origin in the ambitions of the kings, together with marriage patterns and rules of succession introduced during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Sweden ceded from the union in the 1520s, quickly reestablishing its old borders with Denmark and Norway.

Keywords:   state formation, Scandinavian kingdoms, Scandinavia, dynastic unions, kings, marriage, succession, Sweden, Denmark, Norway

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