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Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth CenturyFrom Triumph to Despair$
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Adeed Dawisha

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169156

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169156.001.0001

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Early Stirrings: The Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Early Stirrings: The Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Chapter:
(p.14) Chapter Two Early Stirrings: The Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Source:
Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century
Author(s):

Adeed Dawisha

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691169156.003.0002

This chapter addresses the question pertaining to the origins and political manifestations of Arab nationalism. It is hardly surprising that the intellectual seeds of twentieth century Arab nationalism should be traced to the ideas and endeavors of a number of nineteenth-century thinkers and activists. Muslims and Christians, their central focus was the contemporary condition and future aspirations of the Arabic-speaking citizens of the Ottoman Empire. Their eyes opened by the expansion of education to the growing nationalist movements in the Balkan lands of the Empire, these early Arab writers and political agitators tended to focus on the ethnic and linguistic differences that separated the Arabs from their Turkish rulers. The earliest of these thinkers and political agitators, whose writings and activities were held in great reverence by the Arab nationalists of the twentieth century, were Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and his pupil Muhamed ‘Abdu.

Keywords:   Arab nationalism, Muslims, Christians, Arabic-speaking citizens, Ottoman Empire, nationalist movements, Arab writers, Arab thinkers, Turkish rulers, Arab political agitators

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