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Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth CenturyFrom Triumph to Despair$
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Adeed Dawisha

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169156

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169156.001.0001

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Arab Nationalism on the March, 1955–1957

Arab Nationalism on the March, 1955–1957

Chapter:
(p.160) Chapter Seven Arab Nationalism on the March, 1955–1957
Source:
Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century
Author(s):

Adeed Dawisha

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691169156.003.0007

This chapter argues that if specific events were to be picked as signposts in the spectacular forward march of Arab nationalism during the 1950s, the three that stand out are the 1955 Baghdad Pact, the 1956 Suez Crisis, and the birth of the United Arab Republic (UAR) in 1958. While Egypt’s perceived victory in the Suez Crisis and the merger of Egypt and Syria into the UAR constituted perhaps the two singular events that truly galvanized Arab public opinion behind the ideas and symbols of Arab nationalism, it was the Baghdad Pact which was the defining event that triggered a chain of political initiatives and responses that ultimately were to mark the period as the nationalist era. It was in this era that large segments of the educated populace came to believe passionately in the unquestionable and inevitable triumph of Arab nationalism.

Keywords:   Arab nationalism, Baghdad Pact, Suez Crisis, United Arab Republic, Arab public opinion, nationalist era

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