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The Culture of Contentment$
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John Kenneth Galbraith

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691171654

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691171654.001.0001

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The Military Nexus, II

The Military Nexus, II

(p.103) Chapter 11 The Military Nexus, II
The Culture of Contentment

John Kenneth Galbraith

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the position of independent power enjoyed by the military in many countries, especially in the Third World. It begins with a discussion of what may be called the autonomous power of great organization, a power that acts with particular force in the case of the military establishment. It then considers two primary constraints on organization power in economic life: external authority over what is produced —in civilian life, the ultimate decision of consumers; and the flow of purchasing power—in economic terms, the effective demand—that is available for the purchase of the good or service. It also explores the emergence of a largely autonomous military establishment standing above and apart from democratic control, along with the series of foreign ventures designed ostensibly to prevent Communism from spreading but with the further purpose of justifying the expanding role of the military by providing a presumed enemy.

Keywords:   military, consumers, organization power, external authority, purchasing power, effective demand, Communism

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