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Competition and Stability in BankingThe Role of Regulation and Competition Policy$
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Xavier Vives

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691171791

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691171791.001.0001

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Competition, Regulation, and Stability in Banking: Theory and Evidence

Competition, Regulation, and Stability in Banking: Theory and Evidence

(p.106) Chapter 5 Competition, Regulation, and Stability in Banking: Theory and Evidence
Competition and Stability in Banking

Xavier Vives

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the relationship between competition and stability in the banking sector both from a theoretical and from an empirical perspective. It considers the competition–stability link from the standpoint of fragility both because of runs and because of excessive risk taking, along with the available evidence assessing how competition relates to systemic risk and how deregulation is associated with risk taking. It also explores the connection between market structure, consolidation, and internationalization and how it affects stability. Lessons from the subprime crisis are derived. The result of the analysis is to characterize the competition–stability trade-off, how regulation can alleviate it, and the need to coordinate competition policy and prudential regulation. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the regulatory reform process in the banking industry after the 2007–2009 crisis.

Keywords:   competition, stability, banking sector, risk taking, systemic risk, deregulation, regulation, competition policy, prudential regulation, regulatory reform

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