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The Art of PhilosophyVisual Thinking in Europe from the Late Renaissance to the Early Enlightenment$
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Susanna Berger

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172279

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172279.001.0001

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Thinking through Plural Images of Logic

Thinking through Plural Images of Logic

(p.75) Chapter 2 Thinking through Plural Images of Logic
The Art of Philosophy

Susanna Berger

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the Descriptio, the Typus, and the Logicae universae typus (plates 1 and 2 and Fig. 12). These engravings depict entire systems of philosophical knowledge in a comprehensive manner and a hierarchical format, by showing, on a single page, how individual elements of the system relate to the whole. The analysis shows how these plural images are organized by conceptual relationships; their unity is primarily theoretical. The chapter also mentions philosophical plural images in the logic textbook of Johann Justus Winkelmann (1620–1699), which was first published in 1659 and appeared again in 1725. Winkelmann's visual representations combine details of the earlier plural images and show how this genre continued to be employed in the teaching of philosophy well into the eighteenth century. The ideas of Aristotle's logic held sway for over two thousand years, until the work of Gottlob Frege (1848–1925). Whereas much scholarship on the ‘scientific revolution’ focuses on discontinuities and ruptures. The chapter examines the prolonged and relatively stable dominance of Aristotle in the field of logic in the context of universities.

Keywords:   engravings, escriptio, Typus, Logicae universae typus, visual representation, philosophical knowledge, Justus Winkelmann, Aristotle

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