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AftershocksGreat Powers and Domestic Reforms in the Twentieth Century$
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Seva Gunitsky

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172330

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172330.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2022

Two Ways of Life

Two Ways of Life

(p.152) 5 Two Ways of Life

Seva Gunitsky

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the early Cold War period, focusing on how the two triumphant superpowers oversaw institutional waves that embodied their competing visions for the world. The aftermath of the Second World War left in place two rising powers, creating two institutional waves and two visions of the modern state. This rivalry set the tone for the rest of the twentieth century until the collapse of the Soviet alternative in the early 1990s. Both countries used their military might to impose their regimes on others through coercion. Both countries used their economic and diplomatic influence to exert political pressure and encourage other states to adopt their institutions. Both also created and used international institutions to shape and direct their power, and to embed both themselves and their followers in a web of political and economic linkages.

Keywords:   Cold War, superpowers, capitalism, communism, United States, Soviet Union

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