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Dilemmas of InclusionMuslims in European Politics$
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Rafaela M. Dancygier

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172590

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172590.001.0001

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Defining and Explaining Inclusion

Defining and Explaining Inclusion

(p.21) 2 Defining and Explaining Inclusion
Dilemmas of Inclusion

Rafaela M. Dancygier

Princeton University Press

This chapter explains when and why parties will pursue exclusion, symbolic inclusion, or vote-based inclusion and discuss how each inclusion type is associated with distinct candidate and mobilization types. The inclusion of candidates belonging to minority groups is one important tool that parties can deploy when they seek to expand or reshape their electoral coalitions. The selection of candidates thus critically defines what and whom a party stands for. As such, candidate selection is directly tied to minority political inclusion. The chapter then addresses how the distribution of minority and majority preferences will influence the kind of candidates and voters that parties will seek to recruit, and specifies how variation in partisanship, electoral geography, mobilizational capacity, and political competition affects the causes and consequences of minority inclusion.

Keywords:   exclusion, symbolic inclusion, vote-based inclusion, candidate selection, minority political inclusion, partisanship, electoral geography, political competition, minority inclusion

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