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Dilemmas of InclusionMuslims in European Politics$
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Rafaela M. Dancygier

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172590

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172590.001.0001

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Ideology, Electoral Incentives, and Inclusion Outcomes across Countries

Ideology, Electoral Incentives, and Inclusion Outcomes across Countries

(p.77) 4 Ideology, Electoral Incentives, and Inclusion Outcomes across Countries
Dilemmas of Inclusion

Rafaela M. Dancygier

Princeton University Press

This chapter investigates whether two countervailing forces—ideological commitments to equal treatment and the potential electoral leverage of the Muslim vote—can nevertheless lead to representational parity. It examines how parties' commitments to equal treatment and nondiscrimination on the one hand and the potential importance of the Muslim vote on the other correlate with inclusion outcomes across countries. Across the cities and parties in Austria, Belgium, Germany, and Great Britain, the Left is indeed much more tightly wedded to principles of equal treatment than is the Right, but proactive rhetoric in this domain does not predict inclusiveness. Though, within countries, center-left parties are always more likely to recruit Muslim candidates than are center-right parties, this is not true across countries; parties only feature significant shares of Muslim candidates when local Muslim electorates can deliver substantial votes.

Keywords:   ideological commitments, electoral incentives, Muslim vote, representational parity, equal treatment, inclusion, Muslim electorates, nondiscrimination

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