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Dilemmas of InclusionMuslims in European Politics$
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Rafaela M. Dancygier

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172590

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172590.001.0001

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Religious Parity versus Gender Parity

Religious Parity versus Gender Parity

(p.141) 6 Religious Parity versus Gender Parity
Dilemmas of Inclusion

Rafaela M. Dancygier

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on another consequence that emerges when parties' primary concern is to maximize votes: balancing religious parity with gender parity. A salient concern, voiced across the political spectrum, is that multicultural inclusion empowers conservative male community leaders at the expense of women. Different inclusion goals should be associated with different outcomes with respect to gender and religious parity. When parties are mainly interested in symbolic inclusion, they will select Muslim candidates who can signal to non-Muslim voters that they are well-integrated and abide by the norms and values of the majority population. The simplest way for parties to assess how candidates fare on this score is to look at their gender: just by virtue of running for office, Muslim women signal that they are not bound by conservative, patriarchal constraints in ways that men—even if they shared the same belief system—cannot.

Keywords:   religious parity, gender parity, multicultural inclusion, symbolic inclusion, Muslim candidates, Muslim women, patriarchal constraints, Muslim men

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