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Arab PatriotismThe Ideology and Culture of Power in Late Ottoman Egypt$
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Adam Mestyan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172644

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172644.001.0001

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The Ottoman Legitimation of Power: The Khedivate

The Ottoman Legitimation of Power: The Khedivate

(p.50) Chapter 2 The Ottoman Legitimation of Power: The Khedivate
Arab Patriotism

Adam Mestyan

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the Ottoman legitimation of power: the khedivate. What Mehmed Ali had achieved with his army, Ismail Pasha—the governor of the Egyptian province—continued with money and the efforts of his mother, Hoşyar. The result was the khedivate. The khedivate was not a simple case of a tributary state. Ismail and Hoşyar reconnected their rule to the sultan's authority in 1863, and they continued to strengthen Ismail's power by the Ottoman universe. They also reactivated the quest to change the law of succession. This was to exclude everyone from the dynastic order in favor of Ismail's eldest son, Tevfik. They achieved the new dynastic order of primogeniture in 1866. As a next step, the khedivate was codified in 1867. Together, the two changes constituted a singular strategy and created the framework of a new political order.

Keywords:   Ottoman regime, khedivate, Mehmed Ali, Ismail Pasha, Egyptian province, Hoşyar, tributary state, dynastic order, primogeniture

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