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Arab PatriotismThe Ideology and Culture of Power in Late Ottoman Egypt$
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Adam Mestyan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172644

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172644.001.0001

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A Gentle Revolution

A Gentle Revolution

(p.125) Chapter 4 A Gentle Revolution
Arab Patriotism

Adam Mestyan

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores how intellectuals—in the Arabic press and in the Arabic theater—reached to the spatial and sensorial transformation of Cairo and the work of the khedivate. The intellectual production within or associated with government circles constituted a “gentle revolution.” The gentle revolution was an attempt to make patriotism the official ideology of the khedivate. This involved the use of the learned Arabic language as official language of the khedivate and the retelling of Muslim history of Egypt as an Arab narrative. This new Muslim memory has to compete with and conform the European aesthetics of Ismail Pasha and the actual Ottoman belonging of Egypt. Spatial transformation brought politics to be performed in front of the powerful. Thus, the language as a public representation had to be adjusted.

Keywords:   Arabic press, Arabic theater, Cairo, khedivate, gentle revolution, patriotism, Arabic language, Egypt, Arab narrative, spatial transformation

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