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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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Shaping the Empire

Shaping the Empire

(p.12) Chapter One Shaping the Empire
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks at how the first attempts to modernize the Ottoman army in line with the armies of the West were undertaken during the reign of Mahmud I (r. 1730–54). Predominantly inspired by France, the reform program involved the recruitment of French officials for military advice, the introduction of instruction in applied sciences, the opening of engineering schools, the transformation of the School of Mathematics into the Bahriye (School of Naval Engineering) in 1776, and the translation of various European scientific works into Ottoman Turkish. A new phase of extensive Western-inspired reforms continued under Sultan Selim III and his successor Mahmud II, but despite this turn to the West, there remained little Ottoman interest in Western political thought or regime types until the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Ottoman army, Mahmud I, French officials, engineering schools, Western-inspired reforms, Western political thought

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