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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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The Age of Transformation in Ottoman Political Thought

The Age of Transformation in Ottoman Political Thought

The Reigns of Selim III (r. 1789–1808) and Mahmud II (r. 1808–39)

(p.34) Chapter Two The Age of Transformation in Ottoman Political Thought
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines how the reigns of Sultan Selim III and Mahmud II witnessed significant changes in Ottoman political thought and the idea of a modern state. Concepts like republic, liberty, independence, equality, and nation began to appear widely in political writings. This change in political language was affected largely through the efforts of French missionaries, promoting republican ideas in the Ottoman sphere to win the support of the Porte. For the first time in Ottoman political thought, a republic was discussed as a form of a government, but still not as an alternative to the Ottoman monarchy. An extensive reform process changed the traditional ideas of nizam (order) and adalet (justice), improved relations with the West, and generated a modern bureaucratic centralized state.

Keywords:   Sultan Selim III, Mahmud II, Ottoman political thought, modern state, nizam, adalet, centralized state

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