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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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The Tanzimat Era and the Republicanism of the Young Ottomans

The Tanzimat Era and the Republicanism of the Young Ottomans

(p.50) Chapter Three The Tanzimat Era and the Republicanism of the Young Ottomans
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter demonstrates how during the Tanzimat era, the emphasis of reforms was on the modernization and Westernization of the Ottoman administrative system, and the fostering of full participation in the Concert of Europe, all to be enacted through a series of legal codes and institutional reforms. Under a triad of grand viziers—Mustafa Resid Pasa, Mehmed Emin Âli Pasa, and Kececizâde Mehmed Fuad Pasa, collectively the Tanzimatçilar (the Tanzimat-men)—the civil bureaucratic elite consolidated its hold as the most influential branch of the administration, leading to a shift from sultanic power to bureaucratic authoritarianism. This “bureaucratic despotism” and Westernization of sociopolitical and moral life instigated the birth of the first organized intellectual opposition movement, the Young Ottomans.

Keywords:   Tanzimat era, modernization, Westernization, Tanzimat-men, bureaucratic authoritarianism, Young Ottomans

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