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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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The Political Thought of the Young Turk Revolution

The Political Thought of the Young Turk Revolution

(p.115) Chapter Five The Political Thought of the Young Turk Revolution
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter analyzes how the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 had provided a different conception of what politics should mean and how it should operate in the Ottoman Empire, along with a new conception of state and society. Drawing on the political language of the French Third Republic, democracy and liberal republican ideas slowly transformed the terminology and categorization of central issues in Ottoman politics and laid the most salient intellectual and institutional foundations for the young Republic. The revolution opened the Second Constitutional period (1908–18). Its first phase revitalized the liberal constitutionalism of the Young Ottomans. Political thinking drew heavily upon Montesquieu's formula for the separation of powers in combination with the ideas of the Third Republic and Ottoman positivism.

Keywords:   Young Turk Revolution, Ottoman Empire, French Third Republic, Ottoman politics, Second Constitutional period, Montesquieu, Ottoman positivism

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