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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Political Thought in the Balkan Wars

Political Thought in the Balkan Wars

The Rise of Authoritarianism, Militarism, and Nationalism

(p.138) Chapter Six Political Thought in the Balkan Wars
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on how the Second Constitutional period, with its three decisive wars (in the Balkans and across the continent), had a huge impact on the ways in which the population of the Empire felt about politics and on what they expected from it. This shift was consolidated by the Triumvirate of Enver, Cemal, and Talat Pasas, whose collective decisions dominated Ottoman politics from 1913 to 1918. They took up a blend of German militarist, nationalist, and idealist elements, combining elitism and mass mobilization, positively valuing violence, and normalizing war. Revolutionary ideals and the values of rationalism, progress, liberty, brotherhood, equality, and liberalism were set aside in the name of struggle, threat, leadership, unity, power, and heroism.

Keywords:   Second Constitutional period, Balkan Wars, Enver, Cemal, Talat Pasas, elitism, mass mobilization, violence, war

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