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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Ottoman Political Thought during World War I

Ottoman Political Thought during World War I

(p.165) Chapter Seven Ottoman Political Thought during World War I
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores how World War I brought about deep changes in Ottoman social, political, and intellectual life. International comparative studies and Turkish historiography, however, have neglected the intellectual heritage of the four long years. It has been widely assumed that no significant intellectual work was produced during World War I, as the Empire struggled for life and was preoccupied with its own survival, and that modern Turkish culture, national identity, and political ideology were shaped merely within the post-1923 context. The chapter shows how wartime experiences, expressed in propaganda works and political decisions, altered the ways in which Ottoman political leaders and intellectuals saw their state, society, and politics.

Keywords:   World War I, Turkish historiography, Ottoman Empire, modern Turkish culture, national identity, political ideology, wartime experiences

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