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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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The Victory of Radical Republicanism

The Victory of Radical Republicanism

(p.219) Chapter Nine The Victory of Radical Republicanism
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses how in the aftermath of the War of Independence, the abolition of the monarchy in 1922 was followed by the monarch's flight from the country, ushering in a smooth establishment of the new regime. Modern Turkish historiography has assumed that abolishing the sultanate and proclaiming the Republic ensued with little debate or deliberation, and both were made possible by the outstanding character of Mustafa Kemal. However, the claim the Turkish republicanism was shaped merely by Mustafa Kemal's ideas deliberately ignores the competing conceptions of republicanism—radical, Islamic, and liberal—that fought one another in the revolutionary context for political dominance. It also understates the depth of republican thinking within opposition circles and groups.

Keywords:   War of Independence, Turkish historiography, Turkish Republic, sultanate, Mustafa Kemal, republicanism

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