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The Formation of Turkish Republicanism$
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Banu Turnaoğlu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172743

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.001.0001

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Conclusion: The Ideology of the Early Republic

Conclusion: The Ideology of the Early Republic

(p.243) Conclusion: The Ideology of the Early Republic
The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Banu Turnaoğlu

Princeton University Press

This concluding chapter discusses how the victorious radical vision of republicanism became a coherent theory in the single-party period and continues to claim the exclusive right to define and implement Turkish republicanism. Turkish historiography has conflated republicanism widely with Kemalism and seen it as the product of the Turkish Revolution, which started with the Turkish Independence War and resulted in the formation of a national secular Turkish state. The chapter also explains how, because of their fear of opposition, republicans resisted the full implications of representative democracy. They persisted in seeing politics as a site of antagonism and the exercise of a craft, requiring the deployment of skills and forms of judgment; not political principles readily imported from Western democratic societies.

Keywords:   Turkish republicanism, radical vision, Turkish historiography, Turkish Revolution, Kemalism, representative democracy, Western democratic societies

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