Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Formative Years of RelativityThe History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jürgen Renn and Hanoch Gutfreund

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691174631

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 25 May 2022

The General Theory of Relativity (Continued)

The General Theory of Relativity (Continued)

(p.239) The General Theory of Relativity (Continued)
The Formative Years of Relativity

Hanoch Gutfreund

Jürgen Renn

Princeton University Press

This chapter shows that in the limit of weak fields and low velocities, the equation of the geodesic line reduces to Newton's equation of motion. It proceeds to derive the gravitational field equation. Next, the chapter uses the gravitational field equation to derive the three effects that served as the first tests of the theory: the bending of light by the gravitational field of the sun, the shift to the red of spectral lines emitted by atoms in a gravitational field (gravitational redshift), and the motion of the perihelion of planet Mercury. After a short remark about expressing Maxwell's equations of the electromagnetic field, the chapter turns to the “so-called cosmological problem.” Its main theme is the defense of Mach's principle, which states that all inertial phenomena, namely the fictitious forces arising in accelerated reference frames, are caused by all the masses in the universe.

Keywords:   general theory of relativity, geodesic line, gravitational field equation, sun, gravitational redshift, Mercury, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic field, Mach's principle

Princeton Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.