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Jabotinsky's ChildrenPolish Jews and the Rise of Right-Wing Zionism$
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Daniel Kupfert Heller

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691174754

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691174754.001.0001

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(p.201) 6 Terror
Jabotinsky's Children

Daniel Kupfert Heller

Princeton University Press

This chapter details Betar's activities in the twilight years of the Second Polish Republic. With Hitler's rise to power, a surge in anti-Jewish riots across Poland, and the escalating conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Jews in Mandate Palestine, numerous Betar leaders were calling for Zionist youth, no matter their location, to turn to acts of revolutionary violence to defend Jews from attack. Some of them wondered aloud whether their potential targets could include their Jewish rivals. The chapter follows Betar's overlapping conversations about their use of violence in Poland and in Palestine. Ultimately, it reveals how right-wing Zionist debates about violence in Poland and elsewhere in Europe helped lay the groundwork for justifying acts of terrorism during the Arab Revolt in Mandate Palestine (1936–1939).

Keywords:   Betar leaders, Second Polish Republic, Hitler, anti-Jewish riots, Zionist youth, revolutionary violence, Poland, terrorism, Arab Revolt, Mandate Palestine

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