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The Peace of the GodsElite Religious Practices in the Middle Roman Republic$
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Craige B. Champion

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691174853

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691174853.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Domi et Militiae: Elite Religion at Rome in Response to External Triumphs and Crises

Domi et Militiae: Elite Religion at Rome in Response to External Triumphs and Crises

(p.122) Four Domi et Militiae: Elite Religion at Rome in Response to External Triumphs and Crises
The Peace of the Gods

Craige B. Champion

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines questions of traditional, ancestral gods as well as religious practices and the acceptance or rejection of new foreign deities and rituals in the Middle Roman Republic. In particular, it shows how disparate behaviors domi militiaeque reveal the religious intentions and motivations of the Roman ruling elite. The chapter begins with a discussion of accumulative civic polytheism in the context of elite-instrumentalism, focusing on the cases of Bacchanalia and Magna Mater. It then explores how Roman religion became increasingly chaotic and ever more intractable as Mediterranean-wide hegemony came into existence. It also describes military evocationes as a means for an immigrant deity to come to Rome, along with the concept of human sacrifice in the Roman Republic. It argues that there was an inconsistency in the reception of new state cults and that governing elites tried their best to maintain the pax deorum.

Keywords:   gods, religious practices, foreign deities, rituals, Roman ruling elite, accumulative civic polytheism, religion, evocationes, human sacrifice, cults

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