In conclusion, the book has drawn on various perspectives and on the notion of elite-instrumentalism to elucidate the religious practices of the Roman ruling elite in the days of the Middle Republic. It has investigated the religious behaviors of republican elites based on three categories: domi, focusing on the state religion and its formal structures in the capital; militiae, with emphasis on the religious preoccupations and actions of generals in the field of military operations; and domi militiaeque, taking into account the relationship between traditional religion in Rome and external religious influences. Finding the elite-instrumentalist interpretation/model to be inadequate as a primary mode of historical explanation, the book has drawn on various theories in order to offer provisional alternatives, including the psychological theory of cognitive dissonance, as well as those gained from studies in anthropology and cultural theory.
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