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Chasing InnovationMaking Entrepreneurial Citizens in Modern India$
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Lilly Irani

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691175140

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691175140.001.0001

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The Cultivation and Subsumption of Hope

(p.205) 8 Conclusion
Chasing Innovation

Lilly Irani

Princeton University Press

This concluding chapter reflects on entrepreneurial citizenship as a global project, promoted not only by Indian elites but also by the U.S. Department of State and global institutions of economic governance. Ultimately, it argues that the function of entrepreneurial citizenship is to subsume hope and dissatisfaction, redirecting potential political contestation into economic productivity and experiment. It disciplines hopes for the future into forms that fit existing institutional agendas through the language of “viability” and “sustainability.” Entrepreneurial citizenship also invites civil society to extend its reach and relations with poorer Indians, the nation's majority, as consumers. Indeed, entrepreneurial citizens experimented with myriad ways to bring the vast informal economy in its diversity into connection with capitalist production, inviting the poor in as workers, as design research participants, as budding entrepreneurs, and as consumers.

Keywords:   entrepreneurial citizenship, Indian elites, economic governance, economic productivity, experiment, civil society, poorer Indians, entrepreneurial citizens, informal economy, capitalist production

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