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Communism's ShadowHistorical Legacies and Contemporary Political Attitudes$
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Grigore Pop-Eleches and Joshua A. Tucker

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691175591

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691175591.001.0001

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Gender Equality

Gender Equality

(p.215) Chapter 7 Gender Equality
Communism's Shadow

Grigore Pop-Eleches

Joshua A. Tucker

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores attitudes toward gender equality as the fourth issue area for assessing the effect of communist legacies. The baseline finding from initial examinations of the raw data, the bivariate analyses, and all living in a post-communist country analysis was somewhat surprising: not only were the study unable to find any evidence of a “pro-gender equality” attitudinal differential in post-communist countries, but it quite often found exactly the opposite. To the extent that post-communist citizens held different attitudes toward gender equality from those of citizens elsewhere, they were likely to be less, not more, supportive of gender equality. This was particularly the case when controlling for historical effects, economic conditions, socioeconomic development patterns, and the fact that communism featured rule by left-wing governments. At the same time, however, the study did find some evidence that the effect of communist education may have played a role in inculcating pro-gender equality views in line with communist rhetoric.

Keywords:   gender equality, communist legacies, pro-gender equality, communist education, communist rhetoric, post-communist countries, post-communist citizens

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