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AtatürkAn Intellectual Biography$
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M. Sükrü Hanioglu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691175829

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.001.0001

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Das Volk in Waffen: The Formation of an Ottoman Officer

Das Volk in Waffen: The Formation of an Ottoman Officer

(p.31) 2 Das Volk in Waffen: The Formation of an Ottoman Officer

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's military education. In January 1896, upon graduating from the military preparatory school in Salonica, Mustafa Kemal enrolled in the military high school in Monastir, then the capital of the Ottoman province of the same name. In 1899, at age eighteen, Mustafa Kemal graduated from this high school with flying colors. Mustafa Kemal then moved to Istanbul, where he enrolled in one of the most prestigious schools in the empire, the Royal Military Academy. Once there, he worked relentlessly to gain admission to the Staff Officer College—a highly competitive elite institution widely regarded as the pinnacle of military education in the empire. In 1902, he graduated from the academy and entered the college for two more years of special education. In 1905, he joined the army as a staff officer captain. Ultimately, Mustafa Kemal's studies at the Royal Military Academy exposed him to a radically new set of ideas.

Keywords:   Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, military education, Royal Military Academy, Staff Officer College, army, Ottoman empire

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