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AtatürkAn Intellectual Biography$
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M. Sükrü Hanioglu

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691175829

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.001.0001

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Nationalism and Kemalism

Nationalism and Kemalism

Chapter:
(p.160) 7 Nationalism and Kemalism
Source:
Atatürk
Author(s):

M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.003.0008

This chapter examines Turkish nationalism and Kemalism. The elimination of Islam as an ideological pillar of the main Ottoman successor state created a legitimacy vacuum at the center of the regime. Furthermore, the abolition of the sultanate and the dissolution of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) had given rise to a second void necessitating the creation of substitute foci for popular allegiance—both personal and institutional. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk sought to fill this lacuna with a new civic religion buttressed by a number of cults. The new ideology, unsurprisingly, was a modified, scientifically sanctioned version of Turkish nationalism. In the 1930s, Mustafa Kemal's followers and party pulled together various strands of several associated cults to create Kemalism, an all-encompassing state ideology based on his sayings and writings.

Keywords:   Turkish nationalism, Kemalism, Islam, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, civic religion, cults

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