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Andalus and SefaradOn Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain$
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Sarah Stroumsa

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691176437

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691176437.001.0001

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Aristotelian Neo-Orthodoxy and Andalusian Revolts

Aristotelian Neo-Orthodoxy and Andalusian Revolts

(p.124) Chapter 5 Aristotelian Neo-Orthodoxy and Andalusian Revolts
Andalus and Sefarad

Sarah Stroumsa

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores the remarkable phenomenon of twelfth-century rigorous Andalusian Aristotelianism. In the early twelfth century, the philosophical map of al-Andalus was dramatically redrawn. Along with what can only be described as the blossoming of Islamic philosophy after its constrained state in the previous century, one notices a significant shift to an orthodox version of Aristotelian philosophy. The thought of the Eastern Aristotelians was sprinkled with un-Aristotelian elements. Largely in response to Platonizing authors, especially Avicenna, Andalusian falāsifa explicitly identified with the Peripatetic tradition, and strove to strengthen the authority of Aristotle and his commentators. This stricter version of Aristotelianism, which makes its debut with Ibn Bājja under the Almoravids, was further crystalized under the Almohads by philosophers such as Averroes and Maimonides. The chapter also considers “the Andalusian revolt against Ptolemaic astronomy.” The term “Andalusian Revolt” was first coined in 1984 by Abdelhamid Sabra in his discussion of astronomical theories that attempted to dethrone Ptolemy's astronomy from its almost unquestioned authority.

Keywords:   Andalusian Aristotelianism, al-Andalus, Aristotelian philosophy, Avicenna, Almoravids, Almohads, Averroes, Maimonides, Ptolemaic astronomy, Andalusian revolt

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