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Republics of KnowledgeNations of the Future in Latin America$
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Nicola Miller

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691176758

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691176758.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Public Libraries, Modern Nations

Public Libraries, Modern Nations

Chapter:
(p.15) 1 Public Libraries, Modern Nations
Source:
Republics of Knowledge
Author(s):

Nicola Miller

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691176758.003.0002

This chapter mentions the Liberators that took time out from their military campaigns to attend to the creation of major public libraries during the wars of independence between 1808 and 1826. It describes the libraries as one of the first institutions to be founded that were located close to the centre of political power in the cities. It also discusses individuals of varied political views that saw libraries as both symbol and source of universal enlightenment, noting General José de San Martín, who declared libraries to be more powerful than armies for protecting the embryonic political communities. The chapter refers to Simón Bolívar, who instigated a public library in Caracas in 1814 and intervened to ensure that Lima's library was restored in 1823 and 1824. It elaborates how libraries fulfilled a central role in social self definition as touchstones of what was meant by lo público and lo nacional.

Keywords:   Liberators, public library, universal enlightenment, José de San Martín, social self definition

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