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The Global BourgeoisieThe Rise of the Middle Classes in the Age of Empire$
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David Motadel, Christof Dejung, and Jürgen Osterhammel

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691177342

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691177342.001.0001

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Population Planning for a Global Middle Class

Population Planning for a Global Middle Class

(p.85) 4 Population Planning for a Global Middle Class
The Global Bourgeoisie

Alison Bashford

Princeton University Press

This chapter shows how, in the twentieth century, states aimed to implement new ideas of population planning in order to foster the emergence of stable middle classes. The control of fertility thus became an integral part of the global history of the middle classes. Because the nuclear family was at the core of middle-class lifestyle and a prerequisite for its reproduction and economic capacity, states across the globe resorted to population planning after the early twentieth century. For economic and political planners immersed in adapted Malthusian arguments, limiting fertility was a means by which widespread poverty could be mitigated and standards of living raised at a population level to allow everyone to afford middle-class lifestyles. Population control was thus part of the dream of, and for, a global middle class.

Keywords:   global middle class, population planning, population control, fertility, reproduction

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