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The Global Bourgeoisie – The Rise of the Middle Classes in the Age of Empire - Princeton Scholarship Online
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The Global Bourgeoisie: The Rise of the Middle Classes in the Age of Empire

David Motadel, Christof Dejung, and Jürgen Osterhammel


While the nineteenth century has been described as the golden age of the European bourgeoisie, the emergence of the middle class and bourgeois culture was by no means exclusive to Europe. This book explores the rise of the middle classes around the world during the age of empire. The book compares middle-class formation in various regions, highlighting differences and similarities, and assesses the extent to which bourgeois growth was tied to the increasing exchange of ideas and goods. It indicates that the middle class was from its very beginning, even in Europe, the result of international c ... More

Keywords: middle class, bourgeois culture, middle-class formation, colonial middle class, capitalism, religion, bourgeois values, liberal world order

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780691177342
Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020 DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691177342.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David Motadel, author
London School of Economics and Political Science

Christof Dejung, author
University of Bern

Jürgen Osterhammel, author
University of Konstanz

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