This chapter talks about the nature of political philosophy and focuses on its central problems and core concepts. It describes a fundamentally liberal conception of the basic shape political society should take today. The chapter points out the difference of the nature of political philosophy from moral philosophy. As a rule, political philosophy is seen, if only implicitly, as part of the broader discipline of moral philosophy. The chapter also talks about the right and the good that form the subject of moral philosophy. However, political philosophy, as usually practiced, sets about its work within this framework. The chapter clarifies how political philosophy bases itself on those principles of morality that it regards as governing, not individual relationships to others, but instead the functioning of society as a whole in order to determine the sorts of institutions in which political philosophy would be best embodied.
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