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Who Fights for Reputation$
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Keren Yarhi-Milo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181288

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181288.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises

Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises

A Statistical Analysis

Chapter:
(p.67) 4 Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises
Source:
Who Fights for Reputation
Author(s):

Keren Yarhi-Milo

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691181288.003.0004

This chapter looks at original surveys of sixty-eight presidential historians on the president each had studied in depth. The historians’ survey suggests that American presidents exhibit variation in their self-monitoring dispositions. The chapter then leverages this variation to test statistically whether US presidents’ behavior during international crises is consistent with the expectations of the theory presented in this book. The self-monitoring disposition of a US president is a significant predictor of his likelihood of employing and initiating military instruments to demonstrate resolve during international conflict. Low self-monitor presidents not only engage in less militarized interstate disputes, but they are also significantly less likely to initiate such disputes, compared to high self-monitor presidents. The chapter also presents findings indicating that high self-monitor presidents are more likely to prevail in militarized interstate disputes compared to their low self-monitor counterparts.

Keywords:   presidential historians, American presidents, self-monitoring, international crises, international conflict, militarized interstate disputes, US presidents, military instruments

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