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Who Fights for Reputation$
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Keren Yarhi-Milo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181288

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181288.001.0001

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Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises

Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises

A Statistical Analysis

(p.67) 4 Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises
Who Fights for Reputation

Keren Yarhi-Milo

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks at original surveys of sixty-eight presidential historians on the president each had studied in depth. The historians’ survey suggests that American presidents exhibit variation in their self-monitoring dispositions. The chapter then leverages this variation to test statistically whether US presidents’ behavior during international crises is consistent with the expectations of the theory presented in this book. The self-monitoring disposition of a US president is a significant predictor of his likelihood of employing and initiating military instruments to demonstrate resolve during international conflict. Low self-monitor presidents not only engage in less militarized interstate disputes, but they are also significantly less likely to initiate such disputes, compared to high self-monitor presidents. The chapter also presents findings indicating that high self-monitor presidents are more likely to prevail in militarized interstate disputes compared to their low self-monitor counterparts.

Keywords:   presidential historians, American presidents, self-monitoring, international crises, international conflict, militarized interstate disputes, US presidents, military instruments

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