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Who Fights for Reputation$
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Keren Yarhi-Milo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181288

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181288.001.0001

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Approaches to Testing the Theory with Case Studies

Approaches to Testing the Theory with Case Studies

(p.103) 5 Approaches to Testing the Theory with Case Studies
Who Fights for Reputation

Keren Yarhi-Milo

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores historical case studies as part of a layered methodological approach. It uses three observable implications to code a president as believing strongly in the efficacy of force: a preference for higher military spending, a preference for covert military action, and a preference for military solutions over diplomatic ones. Beliefs about the effectiveness of military force capture the president's views regarding use of force in general. Thus, as the theory suggests, those views might affect the propensity to fight for reputation, but that effect is deterministic, because it interacts with the president's self-monitoring disposition. The chapter then explains how evaluating the self-monitoring, hawkishness, and policy recommendations of the presidents' main advisors offers several significant benefits to the research design.

Keywords:   case studies, presidents, military spending, military action, military solution, military force, reputation, self-monitoring, hawkishness, policy recommendations

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