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Two Gods in HeavenJewish Concepts of God in Antiquity$
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Peter Schäfer

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181325

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181325.001.0001

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The Son of God and Son of the Most High in the Daniel Apocryphon from Qumran

The Son of God and Son of the Most High in the Daniel Apocryphon from Qumran

(p.38) 4 The Son of God and Son of the Most High in the Daniel Apocryphon from Qumran
Two Gods in Heaven

Peter Schäfer

Princeton University Press

This chapter covers another text from Qumran, the so-called Daniel Apocryphon. It refers directly to the Son of Man in the biblical Book of Daniel and has drawn attention from numerous scholars. The chapter describes Daniel Apocryphon as a fragment of an Aramaic scroll dating from the late Herodian period, which is the last third of the first century BCE. Its particular significance comes from its unique, straightforward way of mentioning a “Son of God” and “Son of the Most High.” The chapter also points out the relationship between the most high God El and Elohim-Melchizedek. Although Psalm 82:1 states that Elohim-Melchizedek holds judgment in the midst of the other gods, the judgment at the end of days is actually reserved for the Most High God El, as becomes clear from Psalm 7:8–9.

Keywords:   Qumran, Daniel Apocryphon, Son of Man, Book of Daniel, Aramaic scroll, Herodian period, Elohim-Melchizedek

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