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Two Gods in HeavenJewish Concepts of God in Antiquity$
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Peter Schäfer

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181325

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181325.001.0001

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The Son of Man–Enoch in the Similitudes of the Ethiopic Book of Enoch

The Son of Man–Enoch in the Similitudes of the Ethiopic Book of Enoch

(p.45) 5 The Son of Man–Enoch in the Similitudes of the Ethiopic Book of Enoch
Two Gods in Heaven

Peter Schäfer

Princeton University Press

This chapter highlights the next prominent focal point of the Son of Man concept that originates from Daniel, the so-called Similitudes. The Similitudes are part of the Ethiopic Book of Enoch and are dated by most scholars at around the turn of the first century BCE to the first century CE. One of its main features is the interest in a messianic redeemer figure called the “Son of Man,” which is referred back to Daniel 7, or “the chosen one.” The chapter analyzes the “Head of Days” as the “Ancient of Days” or the “Ancient One” from Daniel, and the “one with the appearance of a man” as the “one like a human being” or “Son of Man” in Daniel. Enoch's question as to the identity and origin of this son of man is not directly answered, but the answer came somewhat later.

Keywords:   Son of Man, Daniel, Similitudes, Ethiopic Book of Enoch, messianic redeemer, Head of Days

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