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Two Gods in HeavenJewish Concepts of God in Antiquity$
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Peter Schäfer

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181325

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181325.001.0001

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The Firstborn in the Prayer of Joseph

The Firstborn in the Prayer of Joseph

(p.59) 7 The Firstborn in the Prayer of Joseph
Two Gods in Heaven

Peter Schäfer

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the enigmatic text of the so-called Prayer of Joseph. Only fragments have survived and the most important of them is a quotation from Origen's Commentary on John. It is uncertain whether the original language was Aramaic or Greek, if it originated in Egypt or Palestine, and when it was written, although one possibility is the first century CE. The hero of the text is the patriarch Jacob, who is equated with Israel as an angel of God. The chapter also explains the conflict between the angel Jacob/Israel and Uriel, which brings to mind Enoch entering the celestial hierarchy as the highest angel Metatron, and the opposition to this from established angels in the Third Book of Enoch.

Keywords:   Prayer of Joseph, Origen's Commentary, angel Jacob, Israel, Uriel, Third Book of Enoch

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