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Two Gods in HeavenJewish Concepts of God in Antiquity$
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Peter Schäfer

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691181325

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691181325.001.0001

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From the Human Enoch to the Lesser God Metatron

From the Human Enoch to the Lesser God Metatron

Chapter:
(p.99) 11 From the Human Enoch to the Lesser God Metatron
Source:
Two Gods in Heaven
Author(s):

Peter Schäfer

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691181325.003.0013

This chapter focuses on Judaism that has a long tradition history of the antediluvian patriarch Enoch. It begins with an enigmatic passage in the Hebrew Bible and leads via the First and Second Books of Enoch and the rabbinic exegesis of Genesis 5:21–24 then ultimately to the Third Book of Enoch, where Enoch is transformed into the highest angel Metatron. The chapter points out Enoch's sole appearance in the Hebrew Bible that is limited to the two genealogies of the patriarchs in Genesis 4 and 5. In the second genealogy in Genesis 5, Enoch is the sixth patriarch after Adam. It explains the meaning of the odd phrasing that Enoch walked with God or took his path with God and the enigmatic sentence “he was no more because God took him.”

Keywords:   antediluvian patriarch, Enoch, Hebrew Bible, rabbinic exegesis, Metatron, Adam

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