Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Two Gods in Heaven – Jewish Concepts of God in Antiquity - Princeton Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Two Gods in Heaven: Jewish Concepts of God in Antiquity

Peter Schäfer


Contrary to popular belief, Judaism was not always strictly monotheistic. This book reveals the long and little-known history of a second, junior god in Judaism, showing how this idea was embraced by rabbis and Jewish mystics in the early centuries of the common era and casting Judaism's relationship with Christianity in an entirely different light. The book demonstrates how the Jews of the pre-Christian Second Temple period had various names for a second heavenly power—such as Son of Man, Son of the Most High, and Firstborn before All Creation. The book traces the development of the concept f ... More

Keywords: Judeo-Christian monotheism, Judaism, early Christianity, Jews, Son of Man, Son of the Most High, Firstborn before All Creation, second god, rabbinic Judaism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780691181325
Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020 DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691181325.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Peter Schäfer, author
Princeton University