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Arts and MindsHow the Royal Society of Arts Changed a Nation$
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Anton Howes

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691182643

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691182643.001.0001

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Patrons of the Nation

Patrons of the Nation

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Patrons of the Nation
Source:
(p.iii) Arts and Minds
Author(s):

Anton Howes

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691182643.003.0001

This chapter illustrates the eighteenth century as an age of improvement in which letters of scholars criss-crossed Europe and North America, even India or China, in an active pursuit and sharing of knowledge. It talks about the scholar's letters that transcended all political and social barriers and confirmed to a specific agenda set by Francis Bacon, an English politician and philosopher of the early seventeenth century. It also discusses the “Baconian programme,” which was aimed to accumulate and rigorously test knowledge. The chapter highlights the Baconian obsession with collection and cataloguing that was applied beyond natural philosophy, to history, archaeology, and ancient languages. It also mentions the founding of the “Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge” in 1660, as well as the establishment of the “Académie des Sciences” in France.

Keywords:   Francis Bacon, Baconian programme, Baconian obsession, Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, Académie des Sciences, social barriers

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