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Two Cheers for Higher Education$
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Steven Brint

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691182667

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691182667.001.0001

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The Universities Expansion Made

The Universities Expansion Made

(p.1) 1 The Universities Expansion Made
Two Cheers for Higher Education

Steven Brint

Princeton University Press

This chapter argues that the traditional structures and purposes of colleges and universities are intended to produce two outcomes: the expansion of knowledge, principally in the disciplines but also at their interstices, and the development of students' cognitive capacities and subject matter knowledge. The chapter shows that these objectives gave rise to two movements. One was the movement to use university research to advance economic development through the invention of new technologies with commercial potential. The other was to use colleges and universities as instruments of social inclusion, providing opportunities to members of previously marginalized groups, including women, racial—ethnic minorities, and members of the LGBTQ community. They were driven both by external parties and the great philanthropic foundations, and by campus constituencies who benefited from their advance.

Keywords:   universities, colleges, knowledge, cognitive capacity, social inclusion, marginalized groups, LGBTQ community, ethnic minority, racial minority

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