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Ernest Sosa

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691183268

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691183268.001.0001

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Virtue Epistemology and a Theory of Competence

Virtue Epistemology and a Theory of Competence

(p.191) Chapter Twelve Virtue Epistemology and a Theory of Competence

Ernest Sosa

Princeton University Press

This chapter begins by laying out a theory of competence in general and its application to epistemology. This is meant to round out the concept of virtue epistemology, which must essentially rely on a theory of competence. A competence is a disposition (ability) to succeed when one tries. When complete, they have a triple-S constitution. These three sorts of dispositions are as follows: the innermost (seat), the inner (seat + shape), and the complete (seat + shape + situation). However, not every disposition to succeed when one tries constitutes a competence, although every competence will be constituted by a disposition to succeed when the agent is within certain ranges of shape and situation.

Keywords:   theory of competence, virtue epistemology, disposition, seat, shape, situation, success, ability

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