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The Tyranny of the IdealJustice in a Diverse Society$
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Gerald Gaus

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691183428

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691183428.001.0001

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The Elusive Ideal

The Elusive Ideal

Searching under a Single Perspective

(p.42) Chapter II The Elusive Ideal
The Tyranny of the Ideal

Gerald Gaus

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the concept of an evaluative perspective, which has been more thoroughly explored and formally modeled in the last decade. An evaluative perspective, Σ‎, includes three fundamental elements: (ES) a set of evaluative standards or criteria by which alternative social worlds in a domain {X} are to be evaluated; (WF) for all worlds i in the domain {X}, a specification of the world features of i that are relevant to evaluation according to ES, the evaluative standards; and (MP) a mapping function takes the evaluative standards (ES) and applies them to a social world, i, as specified by WF, yielding a so-called justice score for world i, the social world described by world features WFi. A theory meeting ES, WF, and MP evaluates a set (or domain) of social worlds {X} in terms of their realization of justice.

Keywords:   evaluative perspectives, justice, social words, mapping function, evaluative standards

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