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The Tyranny of the IdealJustice in a Diverse Society$
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Gerald Gaus

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691183428

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691183428.001.0001

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The Elusive Ideal

The Elusive Ideal

Searching under a Single Perspective

Chapter:
(p.42) Chapter II The Elusive Ideal
Source:
The Tyranny of the Ideal
Author(s):

Gerald Gaus

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691183428.003.0002

This chapter discusses the concept of an evaluative perspective, which has been more thoroughly explored and formally modeled in the last decade. An evaluative perspective, Σ‎, includes three fundamental elements: (ES) a set of evaluative standards or criteria by which alternative social worlds in a domain {X} are to be evaluated; (WF) for all worlds i in the domain {X}, a specification of the world features of i that are relevant to evaluation according to ES, the evaluative standards; and (MP) a mapping function takes the evaluative standards (ES) and applies them to a social world, i, as specified by WF, yielding a so-called justice score for world i, the social world described by world features WFi. A theory meeting ES, WF, and MP evaluates a set (or domain) of social worlds {X} in terms of their realization of justice.

Keywords:   evaluative perspectives, justice, social words, mapping function, evaluative standards

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