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The Craft of College TeachingA Practical Guide$
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Robert DiYanni and Anton Borst

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691183800

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691183800.001.0001

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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking

(p.182) Chapter Ten Critical Thinking
The Craft of College Teaching

Robert DiYanni

Anton Borst

Robert DiYanni

Anton Borst

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores critical thinking. Critical thinking is a type of thinking in which one reflects, considers, and analyzes when making decisions and solving problems. Based on careful reasoning, critical thinking is purposeful thinking guided by logic and supported by evidence. Critical thinking involves defining problems, identifying arguments, evaluating data, raising questions, and using information to make sound judgments. Someone engaged in critical thinking is typically making perceptive observations, establishing careful connections, asking probing questions, and making meaningful distinctions. Critical thinking involves analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating evidence; applying knowledge; and thinking both independently and interdependently. Critical thinking competencies include self-direction—the self-awareness and self-regulation to manage our thinking and our motivation for thinking—and the ability to ask productive questions; in fact, asking the essential significant questions is as important as answering them.

Keywords:   critical thinking, logic, evidence, critical thinking competencies, thinking, critical thinkers, relationships

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